CSL bietet auch während der COVIDPandemie weiterhin Medikamente für Patienten auf der ganzen Welt an. · Elizabeth Walker. Warum. Vorsitzende Richterin war Wenche Elizabeth Arntzen. Entscheidend im Prozess war unter anderem die Frage der Schuldfähigkeit. Die beiden. der Mittagsruhe hält, mäht zu allen Stunden und schneidet sowohl das dürre wie das grüne Gras. (Miguel de Cervantes). Elisabeth Behring. ♥
Anders Behring BreivikAufzeichnung anzeigen. Elisabeth Behring, Datum, Datum, Info, Urkunde Nummer, Vorname(n) Nachname. Aufzeichnung anzeigen. Otto Paul Behring, Datum. Découvrez gratuitement l'arbre généalogique de Catharina Elisabeth Behring pour tout savoir sur ses origines et son histoire familiale. CSL bietet auch während der COVIDPandemie weiterhin Medikamente für Patienten auf der ganzen Welt an. · Elizabeth Walker. Warum.
Elisabeth Behring Navigation menu Video21 Jahre Haft für Breivik - Richterin stoppt Abschlusstirade
Rbb Mediathek Weissensee dabei ist, dass die Presse Elisabeth Behring bereits Elisabeth Behring Visier hat, die darauf stehen? - Primärer Seitenleisten Widget-BereichDie Opfer waren zwischen 14 und 51 Jahre alt, 32 von ihnen unter 18 Jahre.
I ask the press for understanding because I want to be in peace with my worry and sorrow. Breivik is critical of the influence of women in his life saying: 'I do not approve of the super-liberal, matriarchal upbringing though as it completely lacked discipline and has contributed to feminise me to a certain degree.
Breivik describes his childhood as a happy one with no 'economical troubles' - although he does complain that he was given too much freedom.
He says he had a good relationship with his half-siblings but in particular, Elisabeth who moved to Los Angeles 14 years ago, married and has two children.
He describes disagreements with his half-brother's girlfriend about feminism when 'she almost physically strangled me'. Despite openly discussing being anti-Islam throughout, being a skinhead 'was never an option'.
He added: 'Their dress codes and taste of music was unappealing and I thought they were too extreme. I hated rock then and I still do. Breivik goes into lengthy detail about his experience of Muslim gangs when he was a teenager.
He writes: 'Even at that time, the Muslim gangs were very dominating in Oslo East and in inner city Oslo. There are long descriptions of close friendships, the closest of whom he desribes as other 'knights'.
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Storrvik said that "The words are here, obviously there are limits to how long he shall be isolated. This was in He is still in total isolation".
Draugedalen shook hands with Breivik, with five prison officers present; all the later consultations until the trial were held with a glass wall separating them.
The fourth witness was Haukeland, an MD for prisoners at Ila Prison. At Storrvik read from [Breivik's medical] record dated 5 February that Breivik intends to recreate less in fresh air because of the strip searches that follow; Storrvik asked Haukeland: "The fact that he goes outside less, to avoid being strip searched, was that discussed as a problem?
The next witness was Margit Kise, a section leader at Skien Prison. The sixth witness was Tore Stenshagen , also a section leader at Skien, who served during the third quarter of Stenshagen testified that sometimes he sits down [in Breivik's cell] and talks with Breivik, and sometimes they are accompanied by only one prison officer.
Summing up the case for Breivik, Storrvik said: "For some reason, in Norway it has been established that in a female prison, a male prison officer cannot strip search a prisoner, but in a male prison it is ok that females are present.
This is offensive—I do not see any alternatives". He continued: "He was also awoken at night, but he had visits that compensated", and Piechowicz's isolation lasted for a shorter period; Storrvik said: "Note that one calls it isolation , even though he had one cellmate".
Poland point to a breach of EMK in our case". Storrvik said: "In my opinion there is not a complete concurrence between risk analyses and measures in our case.
Risk analyses have at an early stage come with suggestions for measures [and these have not been followed up] For example, removing the glass wall during visits and the possibility of introducing fellow prisoner, has been discussed at such an early stage that there should be a good reason for why Rosenqvist's advice has not been followed".
Storrvik compared Breivik's position as a Catch situation: if Breivik says that he has psychiatric problems, then he has picked them out of a book; if he says that he doesn't have psychiatric problems, then he doesn't have psychiatric problems.
Storrvik said that there had been no inspections by agencies tasked with oversight , as far as he knew, until the Parliamentary Ombudsman came.
Mestad said that "The government's primary task is to protect its citizens. To let a convicted terrorist establish a network, is dangerous".
Storrvik said Breivik's [previous] verdict "indicates a mental vulnerability. If that is not enough, Breivik appears—by my standards—confused in court".
Storrvik added that [in his usage] " mental vulnerability is a very, very weak expression ". Emberland said that "Storrvik is quoting from the dissenting opinions from verdicts of the ECHR"—at least as much as he is quoting the majority opinions of the verdicts.
On 18 March after the court was adjourned, the room where the trial had been held was turned back into the prison gymnasium. Breivik's testimony about his ideology was described as incoherent.
In Dagbladet , Aina Sundt Gullhaugen research advisor and psychologist said about prison superintendent Bjarkeid's opinion that Breivik is not one of the prisoners at Ila suffering [from isolation]: "And surely it is an ugly sight when humans in the basement at Ila smear feces on the walls and no longer are oriented about themselves, time or place.
But those who think that Breivik is not suffering have made themselves unavailable for the documented pain that Anders partook in [during childhood] The problem is that Breivik The type of fundamental relational and emotional deficiencies that Breivik was allowed to develop, usually results in that person ending up speaking a language that others don't recognise".
In Aftenposten , Ulrik Fredrik Malt [expert witness at the trial] said that "the mass murderer is mentally quite ill, and that's being undercommunicated".
Breivik could not receive the money, but his lawyer could upon the verdict being upheld. On 21 April news media said that Ole Kristoffer Borhaug, chief warden at Skien Prison, said that the prison regimen for Breivik would not be lightened, in part because the verdict has not been officially upheld, and there are regulations preventing high security prisoners from interacting with prisoners of other categories.
Other reactions to the verdict include those of former convicts: Kjell Alrich Schumann said that the verdict is most importantly about the principles regarding the application of isolation in Norwegian prisons; he added that "The decisions are evaluated by an entity at Correctional Service every six months, and they can use any kinds of arguments.
There is no oversight"; Sven-Eirik Utsi said that "isolation [is something that the prison system of] Norway has been criticised about for several decades [by the ECtHR ]".
The government's chief lawyer in the trial, Marius Emberland, had voiced his opinion about the verdict before the appeal; his opinion was criticized by the leader of the Norwegian Judges' Association, Ingjerd Thune:  "I clearly understand that many react.
I have never heard a lawyer speak in that manner—ever. That was surprising"; lawyer Frode Sulland said that one gets the impression that Office of the Attorney General "does not respect the justice system, and they still think that they are right, even when the court thinks they are wrong"; Emberland eventually recognised that some of his verbal comments can be interpreted as arrogant, adding that "They really weren't meant that way".
This results directly from Norwegian Law and practices of ECtHR ". On 5 August, media said that Storrvik claims that the judge [scheduled to rule in the trial] is partial;  the judge was recused.
The appeal was heard in Borgarting Court of Appeal convening within the prison , starting 10 January ; Breivik came to court without handcuffs.
Storrvik made comparisons with verdicts at European Court of Human Rights , including the case of the leader of PKK Abdullah Öcalan ; that court found that Öcalan's human rights had been violated from the 6th year of his sentence - until the 10th year [ The verdict, handed down on 1 March ,   stated that solitary confinement did not violate Breivik's rights, and all recommendations were voided.
On 8 June , Norway's Supreme Court decided not to hear the case. On 23 March , Breivik's mother died from complications from cancer.
Breivik was permitted to move himself out from behind the glass wall of the visit room—to give his mother a farewell hug".
Janne Kristiansen , then Chief of the Norwegian Police Security Service PST , said Breivik "deliberately desisted from violent exhortations on the net [and] has more or less been a moderate, and has neither been part of any extremist network.
Six hours before the attacks, Breivik posted a picture of himself as a Knight Templar officer in a uniform festooned with a gold aiguillette and multiple medals he had not been awarded.
Breivik prepared a document titled A European Declaration of Independence. It also reports that Breivik spent thousands of hours gathering email addresses from Facebook for distribution of the document, and that he rented a farm as a cover for a fake farming company buying fertilizer 3 tons for producing explosives and 3 tons of a harmless kind to avoid suspicion and as a lab.
It describes burying a crate with the armour in the woods in July , collecting it on 4 July , and abandoning his plan to replace it with survival gear because he did not have a second pistol.
It also expresses support for far-right groups such as the English Defence League  and paramilitaries such as the Scorpions.
In the introductory chapter of the manifesto defining " cultural Marxism " in the Frankfurt School conspiracy theory sense is a copy of Political Correctness: A Short History of an Ideology by Paul Weyrich 's Free Congress Foundation.
India, and in particular Hindu nationalism , figures repeatedly in the manifesto where he expresses praise and admiration for Hindu nationalist groups.
He also expressed his admiration of the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin , finding him "a fair and resolute leader worthy of respect", though he was "unsure at this point whether he has the potential to be our best friend or our worst enemy.
Benjamin R. Teitelbaum , former professor of Nordic Studies current professor of musicology at University of Colorado , argues that several parts of the manifesto suggest that Breivik was concerned about race, not only about Western culture or Christianity, labelling him as a white nationalist.
Thomas Hegghammer of the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment has described the ideologies of Breivik as "not fitting the established categories of right-wing ideology, like white supremacism , ultranationalism or Christian fundamentalism ", but more akin to macro-nationalism and a "new doctrine of civilisational war ".
In one section of the manifesto titled "Battlefield Wikipedia", Breivik explains the importance of using Wikipedia as a venue for disseminating views and information to the general public,  although the Norwegian professor Arnulf Hagen claims that this was a document that he had copied from another author and that Breivik was unlikely to be a contributor to Wikipedia.
Breivik's manifesto A European Declaration of Independence circulated in online fascist forums where strategies were set and tactics debated.
Breivik had been active on several anti-Islamic and nationalist blogs, including document. After studying several militant groups, including the IRA , ETA and others, Breivik suggests far-right militants should adopt al-Qaeda 's methods, learn from their success, and avoid their mistakes.
In a letter sent by Breivik to international media in January , Breivik states that he exploited "counterjihadist" rhetoric in order to protect "ethno-nationalists" and start a media hunt against "anti-nationalist counterjihadist"-supporters, in a strategy he calls "double psychology".
Breivik further states that he strives for a "pure Nordic ideal", advocating the establishment of a similar party in Norway to the now-defunct neo-Nazi Party of the Swedes , and identifying himself as a part of "Western Europe's fascist movement".
Moreover, he states that his "support" for Israel is limited for it to function as a place to deport "disloyal Jews ".
On 17 April , when asked by Lawyer Siv Hallgren if he is religious, Breivik answered "Yes, I am".
He was then asked if he believes in the Christian faith, to which he answered "Mm, yes. I believe in God, but I am a bit religious, but not especially religious.
Following his apprehension, Breivik was characterised by analysts as being a right-wing extremist with anti-Muslim views and a deep-seated hatred of Islam ,  who considered himself a knight dedicated to stemming the tide of Muslim immigration into Europe.
He was at first described by many in the media as a Christian fundamentalist , Christian terrorist , and nationalist. His religious faith has later been described as being Odinism.
Breivik was an active member of an Oslo shooting club between and , and since According to the club, which banned him for life after the attacks, Breivik took part in 13 organized training sessions and one competition since June At the time of the attacks, Breivik was a member of the Lodge of St.
Olaf at the Three Columns in Oslo  and had displayed photographs of himself in partial Masonic regalia on his Facebook profile.
Skaar, issued an edict immediately excluding him from the fraternity based upon the acts he carried out and the values that appear to have motivated them.
Breivik became a member of the Progress Party FrP in He paid his membership dues for the last time in , and was removed from the membership lists in During his time in the Progress Party, he held two positions in the Progress Party's youth organisation FpU: he was the chair of the local Vest Oslo branch from January to October , and a member of the board of the same branch from October till November After the attack, the Progress Party immediately distanced itself from Breivik's actions and ideas.
Breivik claimed he had contact with the far-right English Defence League EDL , a movement in the United Kingdom that has been accused of Islamophobia.
On 31 July , Interpol asked Maltese police to investigate Paul Ray, a former EDL member who blogs under the name "Lionheart.
In an online discussion on the Norwegian website Document. Breivik saw this as the only way to stop left-wing radical groups like Blitz and SOS Rasisme from "harassing" Norwegian cultural conservatives.
Breivik indeed became a member of this organization under the pseudonym " Sigurd Jorsalfar ". In his manifesto and during interrogation, Breivik claimed membership in an "international Christian military order", which he calls the new Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici PCCTS, Knights Templar.
According to Breivik, the order was established as an "anti- Jihad crusader-organisation" that "fights" against "Islamic suppression" in London in April by nine men: two Englishmen, a Frenchman, a German, a Dutchman, a Greek, a Russian, a Norwegian apparently Breivik , and a Serb supposedly the initiator, not present, but represented by Breivik.
The compendium gives a " estimate" that there are between 15 and 80 "Justiciar Knights" in Western Europe, and an unknown number of civilian members, and Breivik expects the order to take political and military control of Western Europe.
Breivik gives his own code name in the organisation as Sigurd and that of his assigned "mentor" as Richard, after the twelfth-century crusaders and kings Sigurd Jorsalfar of Norway and Richard the Lionheart of England.
After an intense investigation assisted internationally by several security agencies , the Norwegian police have not found any evidence that a PCCTS network existed, or that the alleged London meeting ever took place.
The police now view Breivik's claim as a figment of imagination in light of his schizophrenia diagnosis, and are increasingly confident that he had no accessories.
The perpetrator still insists he belongs to an order and that his one-man cell was "activated" by another clandestine cell. On 14 August , several Norwegian politicians and media outlets received an email from someone claiming to be Breivik's "deputy", demanding that Breivik be released, and making more threats against Norwegian society.
On 17 August , journalist Marit Christensen informed the Norwegian press that for the last year of Wenche Behring Breivik's life, she had been her confidant, and that a book based on Christensen's interviews with her would be published as a book in late under the title The Mother.
Norwegian author Unni Turrettini 's bestselling book The Mystery of the Lone Wolf Killer: Anders Behring Breivik and the Threat of Terror in Plain Sight examines the mind of Breivik and the phenomenon of the lone wolf killer and how they manifest themselves, delving into criminal psychology.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Norwegian far-right terrorist. This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia.
See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Breivik's fake police ID used in the Norway attacks on display at the 22 July Information Center.
Main article: Norway attacks. Main article: Trial of Anders Behring Breivik. See also: Knights Templar and popular culture. Law portal Norway portal Politics portal.
Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 17 January Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 25 July BBC News.
Retrieved 13 September The Independent. London, England. The New York Times. Retrieved 24 August The Guardian.
Retrieved 26 April NRK News in Norwegian. Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 23 July Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 27 July Associated Press.
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Archived from the original on 31 May Archived from the original on 17 January Bloomberg L. Retrieved 27 December Verdens Gang in Norwegian.
Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 4 January Retrieved 10 April New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation.
Retrieved 22 June Dagen in Norwegian. Expo in Swedish. Retrieved 13 March Sydney Morning Herald. Aftenposten, morgen.
Aker hospital, Oslo, February A boy. Name of parents. In Norwegian: Aker sykehus, The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 26 July Dagbladet Interview in Norwegian.
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Dagbladet in Norwegian. Retrieved 3 April Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 13 April The charges were read out to Breivik by prosecutor Inga Bejer Engh including the indictments of terrorism and premeditated murder.
Descriptions were provided of how each victim was killed. Prosecutor Svein Holden then outlined Breivik's life in the preceding decade, including lists of failed business ventures, and a year living off savings and playing World of Warcraft , at which mention Breivik apparently broke into a broad grin.
At one point when the court was shown his minute YouTube video, he started crying. An unidentified woman, a German national, was apprehended by the police as she tried to force herself into the court building, asserting herself as Breivik's girlfriend and displaying the photo of Breivik in military gear on her cell phone.
According to the police she had a criminal record in Germany for several instances of disturbing the peace. She had arrived in Oslo from Stuttgart on the preceding day and rented a hotel room, expecting to stay for 14 days.
Following an expulsion decision from Oslo Police District she was escorted out of Norway on 17 April. The second day was the opening day of Breivik's testimony, which was expected to last for a week, including cross-examination.
Breivik often spoke with the collective "we" with reference to supposed association with others sharing his ideology. He focused on his purported fight against "multiculturalism" and compared it with the struggle of Tibet for "self-rule" and "cultural protection" from China.
When asked about the greatest influence on his ideology and the biggest source of his worldview, Breivik said, "Wikipedia". Breivik has claimed he would repeat the attacks given the chance.
He claims he acted out of a desire to fight "communism" and to defend Norway and Europe against Muslims and multiculturalists. He maintained that he cannot be insane and was acting out of "goodness", and that he was part of an organisation called " Knights Templar " KT.
Before starting his testimony the defendant had requested that he be allowed to begin by reading a document which he had written in the weeks leading up to the trial.
Much of Breivik's speech could be seen as a summation of his previous 1,page manifesto published online just prior to the attacks.
On several occasions during the day judges asked the defendant to keep his statements brief, and some of the aggrieved through their counsels voiced concerns that he may be going too far in using his defence statement as a platform for his ideological views.
Breivik claims he would have preferred to target a group of journalists instead of the island camp, and that he had envisaged being killed in the course of his actions.
In his prepared speech Breivik gave a major focus to a statement by Norwegian social anthropologist Thomas Hylland Eriksen.
The quote which originates in a January interview with Eriksen, and which was later in that year the focal point of an article by Fjordman ,  is:.
Breivik explained how he interpreted Eriksen's statement to mean that Eriksen, and the rest of the multiculturalists, want to deconstruct the Norwegian ethnic group so that they will never again constitute a majority.
When asked by prosecutor Inga Bejer Engh why he had broken into tears the opening day, Breivik responded that he had been weeping for Norway and his perception of its deconstruction : "I thought, 'My country and my ethnic group are dying.
The defendant greeted the court with his same fist-salute as he did the first day. Breivik was cross-examined about the contacts that he had made in his preparation.
All he wanted at first to reveal was that he had travelled to both London and Liberia, and also had spoken with Norwegians online. The contact in Liberia happened to be a Serb, but he insisted on saying no more ostensibly because he wanted no more arrests.
This was relayed to the trial parties and the Norwegian police by the news media. Breivik claimed to have been inspired by Serb nationalism, and was angered by the NATO bombing of Serbia in He said that he had founded The Knights Templar in London in , and if the police dispute that to the depth as described by the defendant, it was because they had not done a sufficiently thorough job in investigating.
He reaffirmed a lack of desire to give any information that could contribute to further arrests. The defendant went on to claim that, KT as he calls it, does not exist as an organisation in its "conventional" understanding, but rather is "leaderless" and clustered around "independent cells".
Allegedly there had been meetings with four individual nationalists, including "Richard", being the defendant's "mentor", and described as a "perfect knight", in a "founding" session.
The prosecution attacked Breivik's version and alleged that he was making it all up. By some accounts the defendant would get vexed at the repeated suggestion that there is no such network, and he insisted there are 15—20 members in the Knights Templar.
Breivik talked about martyrdom and his actions making him a role model, and he emphasised that this could not be achieved as "keyboard warriors".
He also used the term "sofa generals" when he asserted that one cannot be afraid to die if one wants to promote martyrdom.
Breivik himself commented on the trial this day that there ought to be one of only two possible outcomes in the case, that of death penalty, or an acquittal.
He said of the maximum sentence of 21 years imprisonment prescribed by Norwegian law that this is "pathetic".
Conceding to complaints from the counsels for the aggrieved, the defendant did not start the session with a salute to the court.
Breivik was questioned about his reasons for moving back in with his mother in He disputed that it had been because he had been made bankrupt, he said he had been working hard from to and needed a break, and that he could save money that way whilst also preparing his manifesto.
Also he revealed he kept liquid finances in that house, as cash in a safe. Breivik was also questioned about his year playing World of Warcraft.
He denies this could be linked with his actions. It was for him simply a game of "strategy" not "violence". He emphasised that he didn't really like playing but it was necessary to gain the required practical skills.
His rifle had the name Gungnir , which is the name of Odin's spear, which returns to its owner upon use. His Glock pistol bore the name Mjölnir , the name of Thor the warrior god's hammer.
In response to questioning about his motivations, Breivik said that he had tried more peaceful methods to convey his ideology, and had been resisted by the press.
He decided to use violent means. This would have involved targeting the actual Labor Party's conference, or a Norwegian journalists' annual conference.
In the event he had no time, neither to detonate more bombs. It was then that he claims to have conceded to an idea to launch the shooting spree on the island, and due to human limitations did not manage to shoot everyone there.
He wanted to frighten the youth there enough so that everybody would get into the water to escape. The water would then function as a weapon of mass destruction since, he reasoned, the people would be unable to swim out of fear.
Detailed planning was talked about. Breivik's original plans involved three car bombs and shooting sprees across Oslo, and Breivik called it a "very large operation".
Breivik said he thought about placing a bomb near the Labor Party headquarters; the Parliament of Norway Building ; the Aftenposten offices; Oslo City Hall ; and the Norwegian Royal Palace , though for the latter he claimed he would have forewarned the Royals.
The Defendant explained how he hoped for the killings of all members of the Norwegian government cabinet in his bombing, and how he also would have beheaded the former Prime Minister of Norway , Gro Harlem Brundtland , if things had gone to plan.
In advocating his own sanity, Breivik on this day asked the court to distinguish "clinical insanity" from what he alleged is his own "political extremism", and conceded that what he did caused huge suffering.
Breivik said how he potentially could comprehend the human suffering resulting from his actions but that he deliberately blocked this from his immediate consciousness to cope.
The defendant went into great detail about his shooting spree on the island. The technicalities and level of description used was difficult for the victims' families and survivors to listen to.
Breivik claimed that he had hesitated and did not feel entirely at ease as he set out on his operation. He described how his victims reacted and said that it sometimes came as a surprise to him, saying that he had never seen for example on television how people in such circumstances might become effectively immobilised.
Breivik would find some of the teenagers lying on the ground pretending to be dead and he shot them too. Breivik said that there are gaps in his memory of some of the 90 or so minutes he spent killing on the island.
The defendant also said that he had considered wearing a Swastika for the operation for its scaring effect but chose not to because he did not want to appear a Nazi.
Breivik mentioned that he was ordinarily a nice person. He said that he very nearly backed out of doing the operation on the island, and whilst he was carrying it out, was in a state of what he described as shock, and he was just about functioning.
He also claimed that there were a few people on the island whom he spared because he perceived them to be very young. This had been scheduled to be Breivik's last day of testimony, being a day longer than originally listed, but the prosecution had applied to the court for more time to cross-examine the defendant.
Breivik apologised for the deaths of "innocent" passers-by in Oslo caught in the bombings; Breivik did not apologise for deaths on the island, which he considered political.
He has commented that what he did was "a small barbarian act to prevent a larger barbarian act". Breivik wanted the court to believe that he himself had lost his family, friends, and "everything" on the day he carried out the attacks.
He believed however that whoever was on the island was a "legitimate target" through being the "political activists" that sought the "deconstruction of Norwegian society" using "multiculturalism".
Also he described what he did as being "cruel but necessary". Breivik says he felt repulsion at what he was doing but at the same time a compulsion because he feels it would avoid something worse in future.
The defendant alleged that he was the victim of a "racist plot" in the prosecution's efforts to find him legally insane, and his behaviour irrational.
Breivik argued that no "bearded jihadist" would have been subjected to investigations of sanity, and as a "militant nationalist" the prosecution were out to delegitimise his ideology.
The prosecution opened by calling their first witness, Tor Inge Kristoffersen, a government security guard. This witness's job on the day of the attacks involved security monitoring, from the basement of government headquarters.
The witness was asked to describe what he saw on the day; he had seen a car being parked, and then someone emerge wearing what "looked like a guard's uniform".
Just as Krisoffersen was zooming in on that car's number plate, it exploded. About half of the screens used in the monitoring went blank.
The security staff radio network also went down. Bomb scientist Svein Olav Christensen was then called to the stand.
Christensen led the investigation into the technical aspects of the bomb. His testimony included photos of the reconstructed bomb exploding as well as surveillance photos of the actual blast.
Then, Oslo police sergeant Thor Langli took the stand. Langli testified about the Oslo Police's actions in the immediate aftermath of the bombing.
Langli commented how at first there had been reports that there were two suspects behind the attacks. Coroner's reports on the eight bombing victims were heard by the court, and described "immense violence" for all of them.